【概説】「史実を世界に発信する会」 茂木弘道




その7―第5章 日本政府と日本軍の「関与」と「責任」について










令和4年1月10日 「史実を世界に発信する会」 茂木弘道


“Comfort Women” All Signed a Contract of Agreement

—Impact of the Ramseyer Article

Arima Tetsuo, Professor, Waseda University

(English Translation: Society for the Dissemination of Historical Facts)

Series No. 7: Chapter 5: On the “Involvement” and “Responsibility” of

The Japanese Government and the Japanese Army


   The comfort women system was legal, both domestically and internationally, at that time. Therefore, the involvement of the Japanese army with this system cannot be cited as a violation of the law.

   If there were victims of the comfort women system, it was because some one violated the law. It is true that some comfort women were deceived or threatened into becoming comfort women, but these were things that unscrupulous Korean recruiters did and not the Japanese army.

The Japanese army issued many notices that cracked down on recruitment by the unscrupulous. Furthermore, if women who had been deceived or kidnapped were headed for either active battle zones or occupied areas, Japanese authorities would have demanded the presentation of five documents (a license for prostitution, a letter of consent, a personal background report, a sealed certificate and a copy of a family register) in addition to a contract and thoroughly reviewed them. This was intended to prevent risky comfort women from working at comfort stations.

The “Semarang Incident” took place in Indonesia, in which Japanese army officers took women from internment camps for local residents to set up private comfort stations and had them entertain soldiers. But in this case, these were “private comfort stations” set up without the knowledge of the upper echelon of the local military. When these private comfort stations came to their superior attention, the comfort stations were ordered closed. 

   This incident shows that this was not a crime committed by the Japanese army but a crime committed by specific officers. In fact, the officers faced a war crime trial after the war and were convicted. Indonesia, where many of these “private comfort stations” were, displayed the most benign attitude to Japan in terms of the comfort women issue.

The Netherlands, Indonesia’s former colonial master, dealt with this issue in the same manner.




MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman

for KASE Hideaki, Chairman

Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

Phone: 03-3519-4366

Fax: 03-3519-4367



Note: Japanese names are rendered surname first in accordance with Japanese custom.